Book:  Sahih-al-Bukhari
  Chapter no: 11, Book of Call to Prayers (Adhaan)

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Hadith no: 577
Narrated / Authority of: Anas
The people mentioned the fire and the bell (they suggested those as signals to indicate the starting of prayers), and by that they mentioned the Jews and the Christians. Then Bilal was ordered to pronounce Adhan for the prayer by saying its wordings twice, and for the Iqama (the call for the actual standing for the prayers in rows) by saying its wordings once. (Iqama is pronounced when the people are ready for the prayer).

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Hadith no: 578
Narrated / Authority of: Ibn Umar
When the Muslims arrived at Medina, they used to assemble for the prayer, and used to guess the time for it. During those days, the practice of Adhan for the prayers had not been introduced yet. Once they discussed this problem regarding the call for prayer. Some people suggested the use of a bell like the Christians, others proposed a trumpet like the horn used by the Jews, but `Umar was the first to suggest that a man should call (the people) for the prayer; so Allah`s Apostle ordered Bilal to get up and pronounce the Adhan for prayers.

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Hadith no: 579
Narrated / Authority of: Anas
Bilal was ordered to repeat the wording of the Adhan for prayers twice, and to pronounce the wording of the Iqamas once except “Qad-qamat-is-Salat”.

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Hadith no: 580
Narrated / Authority of: Anas bin Malik
When the number of Muslims increased they discussed the question as to how to know the time for the prayer by some familiar means. Some suggested that a fire be lit (at the time of the prayer) and others put forward the proposal to ring the bell. Bilal was ordered to pronounce the wording of Adhan twice and of the Iqama once only.

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Hadith no: 581
Narrated / Authority of: Abu Qilaba
Anas said, “Bilal was ordered to pronounce the wording of Adhan twice and of Iqama once only.” The sub narrator Isma`li said, “I mentioned that to Aiyub and he added (to that), “Except Iqama (i.e. Qad-Qamatis-Salat which should be said twice).”

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Hadith no: 582
Narrated / Authority of: Abu Huraira
Allah`s Apostle said, “When the Adhan is pronounced Satan takes to his heels and passes wind with noise during his flight in order not to hear the Adhan. When the Adhan is completed he comes back and again takes to his heels when the Iqama is pronounced and after its completion he returns again till he whispers into the heart of the person (to divert his attention from his prayer) and makes him remember things which he does not recall to his mind before the prayer and that causes him to forget how much he has prayed.”

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Hadith no: 583
Narrated / Authority of: Abdul Rahman
Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri told my father, “I see you liking sheep and the wilderness. So whenever you are with your sheep or in the wilderness and you want to pronounce Adhan for the prayer raise your voice in doing so, for whoever hears the Adhan, whether a human being, a jinn or any other creature, will be a witness for you on the Day of Resurrection.” Abu Said added, “I heard it (this narration) from Allah`s Apostle.”

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Hadith no: 584
Narrated / Authority of: Humaid
Anas bin Malik said, “Whenever the Prophet went out with us to fight (in Allah`s cause) against any nation, he never allowed us to attack till morning and he would wait and see: if he heard Adhan he would postpone the attack and if he did not hear Adhan he would attack them.” Anas added, “We reached Khaibar at night and in the morning when he did not hear the Adhan for the prayer, he (the Prophet ) rode and I rode behind Abi Talha and my foot was touching that of the Prophet. The inhabitants of Khaibar came out with their baskets and spades and when they saw the Prophet they shouted `Muhammad! By Allah, Muhammad and his army.` When Allah`s Apostle saw them, he said, “Allahu-Akbar! Allahu-Akbar! Khaibar is ruined. Whenever we approach a (hostile) nation (to fight), then evil will be the morning of those who have been warned.”

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Hadith no: 585
Narrated / Authority of: Abu Said Al-Khudri
Allah`s Apostle said, “Whenever you hear the Adhan, say what the Mu`adhdhin is saying.

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Hadith no: 586
Narrated / Authority of: Isa bin Talha
that he had heard Muawiya repeating the words of Adhan up to “Wa ash-hadu Anna Muhammadan Rasulul-lah (and I testify that Muhammad is Allah`s Apostle.)”

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