Book:  Sahih-Muslim
  Chapter no: 1, Book of Faith (Kitab Al Iman)

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Hadith no: 1
Narrated / Authority of: Yahya bin Yamur
that thefirst man who discussed about Qadr (Divine Decree) in Basrawas Mabad al-Juhani. I along with Humaid bin Abdur-RahmanHimyari set out for prilgrimage or for Umrah and said: Shouldit so happen that we come into contact with one of theCompanions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) weshall ask him a bout what is talked about Taqdir (DivisionDecree). Accidentally we came across Abdullah ibn Umar ibnal-Khattab, while he was entering the mosque. My companion andI surrounded him. One of us (stood) on his right and the otherstood on his left. I expected that my companion wouldauthorize me to speak. I therefore said: Abu Abdur Rahman!there have appeared some people in our land who recite theHoly Quran and pursue knowledge. And then after talking abouttheir affairs, added: They (such people) claim that there isno such thing as Divine Decree and events are not predestined.He (Abdullah ibn Umar) said: When you happen to meet suchpeople tell them that I have nothing to do with them and theyhave nothing to do with me. And verily they are in no wayresponsible for my (belief). Abdullah ibn Umar swore by Him(the Lord) (and said): If any one of them (who does notbelieve in the Divine Decree) had with him gold equal to thebulk of (the mountain) Uhud and then, it (in the way ofAllah), Allah would not accept it unless he affirmed his faithin Divine Decree. He further said: My father, Umar ibnal-Khattab, told me: One day we were sitting in the company ofAllah`s Apostle (peace be upon him) when there appeared beforeus a man dressed in pure white clothes, his hairextraordinarily black. There were no signs of travel on him.None amongst us recognized him. At last he sat with theApostle (peace be upon him) He knelt before him placed his palms on his thighs and said: Muhammad, inform me aboutal-Islam. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:Al-Islam implies that you testify that there is no god butAllah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, and youestablish prayer, pay Zakat, observe the fast of Ramadan, andperform pilgrimage to the (House) if you are solvent enough(to bear the expense of) the journey. He (the inquirer) said:You have told the truth. He (Umar ibn al-Khattab) said: Itamazed us that he would put the question and then he wouldhimself verify the truth. He (the inquirer) said: Inform meabout Iman (faith). He (the Holy Prophet) replied: That youaffirm your faith in Allah, in His angels, in His Books, inHis Apostles, in the Day of Judgment, and you affirm yourfaith in the Divine Decree about good and evil. He (theinquirer) said: You have told the truth. He (the inquirer)again said: Inform me about al?Ihsan (performance of gooddeeds). He (the Holy Prophet) said: That you worship Allah asif you are seeing Him, for though you don`t see Him, He,verily, sees you. He (the enquirer) again said: Inform meabout the hour (of the Doom). He (the Holy Prophet) remarked:One who is asked knows no more than the one who is inquiring(about it). He (the inquirer) said: Tell me some of itsindications. He (the Holy Prophet) said: That the slave-girlwill give birth to her mistress and master, that you will findbarefooted, destitute goat-herds vying with one another in theconstruction of magnificent buildings. He (the narrator, Umaribn al-Khattab) said: Then he (the inquirer) went on his waybut I stayed with him (the Holy Prophet) for a long while. Hethen, said to me: Umar, do you know who this inquirer was? Ireplied: Allah and His Apostle knows best. He (the HolyProphet) remarked: He was Gabriel (the angel). He came to youin order to instruct you in matters of religion.

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Hadith no: 2
Narrated / Authority of: Yahya bin Yamur
that whenMabad discussed the problem pertaining to Divine Decree, werefuted that. He (the narrator) said: I and Humaid binAbdur-Rahman Himyari argued. And they carried on theconversation about the purport of the hadith related by Kahmasand its chain of transmission too, and there is some variationof words.

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Hadith no: 3
Narrated / Authority of: Yahya bin Yamur
and Humaidbin Abdur-Rahman that they said: We met Abdullah bin Umar andwe discussed about the Divine Decree, and what they talkedabout it and he narrated the hadith that has been transmittedby Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Apostle (maypeace be upon him). There is a slight variation in that.

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Hadith no: 4
Narrated / Authority of: Abu Huraira
One day the Messenger of Allah (maypeace be upon him) appeared before the public that a man cameto him and said: Prophet of Allah, (tell me) what is Iman.Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) replied: That you affirm yourfaith in Allah, His angels, His Books, His meeting, HisMessengers and that you affirm your faith in the Resurrectionhereafter. He (again) said: Messenger of Allah, (tell me) whatdoes al-Islam signify. He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Al-Islamsignifies that you worship Allah and do not associate anythingwith Him and you establish obligatory prayer and you pay theobligatory poor-rate (Zakat) and you observe the fast ofRamadan. He (the inquirer) again said: Messenger of Allah,what does al-Ihsan imply? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Thatyou worship Allah as if you are seeing Him, and in case youfail to see Him, then observe prayer (with this idea in yourmind) that (at least) He is seeing you. He (the inquirer)again said: Messenger of Allah, when would there be the hour(of Doom)? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: The one who is askedabout it is no better informed than the inquirer. I, however,narrate some of its signs (and these are): when the slave girlwill give birth to he master, when the naked, barefooted wouldbecome the chiefs of the people, these are some of the signsof (Doom). (Moreover) when the shepherds of the black (camels)would exult themselves in buildings, this is one of the signsof (Doom). (Doom) is one of the five (happenings wrapped inthe unseen) which no one knows but Allah. Then he (theMessenger of Allah) recited (the verse):”Verily Allah! withHim alone is the knowledge of the hour and He it is Who sends(down the rain) and knows that which is in the wombs and noperson knows whatsoever he shall earn tomorrow, and a personknows not in whatsoever land he shall die. Verily Allah isKnowing, Aware. He (the narrator, Abu Huraira) said: Then theperson turned back and went away. The Messenger of Allah (maypeace be upon him) said: Bring that man back to me. They (theCompanions of the Holy Prophet present there) went to bringhim back, but they saw nothing there. Upon this the Messengerof Allah remarked: he was Gabriel, who came to teach thepeople their religion.

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Hadith no: 5
Narrated / Authority of:
This hadith is narrated to us on the authority of Muhammad binAbdullah bin Numair, on the authority of Muhammad bin Bishr, onthe authority of Abd Hayyan al-Taymi with the exception thatin this narration (instead of the words (Iza Waladat al`amahrabbaha), the words are (Iza Waladat al`amah Ba`laha), i, e,when slave-girl gives birth to her master.

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Hadith no: 6
Narrated / Authority of: Abu Huraira
that theMessenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Ask me (aboutmatters pertaining to religion), but they (the Companions ofthe Holy Prophet) were too much overawed out of profoundrespect for him to ask him (anything). In the meanwhile a mancame there, and sat near his knees and said: Messenger ofAllah, what is al-lslam? to which he (the Holy Prophet)replied: You must not associate anything with Allah, andestablish prayer, pay the poor-rate (Zakat) and observe (thefasts) of Ramadan. He said: You (have) told the truth. He(again) said: Messenger of Allah, what is al-Iman (the faith)?He (the Holy Prophet) said: That you affirm your faith inAllah, His angels, His Books, His meeting, His Apostles, andthat you believe in Resurrection and that you believe in Qadr(Divine Decree) in all its entirety, He (the inquirer) said:You (have) told the truth. He (again) said: Messenger ofAllah, what is al-Ihsan? Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) said:(Al-Ihsan implies) that you fear Allah as if you are seeingHim, and though you see Him not, verily He is seeing you. He(the inquirer) said: You (have) told the truth. He (theinquirer) said: When there would be the hour (of Doom)? (Uponthis) he (the Holy Prophet said: The one who is being askedabout it is no better informed than the inquirer himself. I,however, narrate some of its signs (and these are): when yousee a slave (woman) giving birth to her master, that is oneof the signs of (Doom); when you see barefooted, naked, deafand dumb (ignorant and foolish persons) as the rulers of theearth, that is one of the signs of the Doom. And when you seethe shepherds of black camels exult in buildings, that is oneof the signs of Doom. The (Doom) is one of the five things(wrapped) in the unseen. No one knows them except Allah. Then(the Holy Prophet) recited (the folowing verse): “VerilyAllah! with Him alone is the knowledge of the hour and He itis Who sends down the rain and knows that which is in thewombs and no person knows whatsoever he shall earn on morrowand a person knows not in whatsoever land he shall die. VerilyAllah is Knowing, Aware. He (the narrator, Abu Huraira) said:Then the person stood up an (made his way). The Messenger ofAllah (may peace be upon him) said: Bring him back to me. Hewas searched for, but they (the Companions of the HolyProphet) could not find him. The Messenger of Allah (may peacebe upon him) thereupon said: He was Gabriel and he wanted toteach you (things pertaining to religion) when you did not ask(them yourselves).

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Hadith no: 7
Narrated / Authority of: Talha bin Ubaidullah
that aperson with dishevelled hair, one of the people of Najd, cameto the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). We heardthe humming of his voice but could not fully discern what hehad been saying, till he came nigh to the Messenger of Allah(may peace be upon him). It was then (disclosed to us) that hewas asking questions pertaining to Islam. The Messenger ofAllah (may peace be upon him) said: Five prayers during theday and the night. (Upon this he said: Am I obliged to say anyother (prayer) besides these? He (the Holy Prophet, ) said:No, but whatever you observe voluntarily, out of your own freewill, and the fasts of Ramadan. The inquirer said: Am Iobliged to do anything else besides this? He (the HolyProphet) said: No, but whatever you do out of your own freewill. And the Messenger of Allah told him about the Zakat(poor-rate). The inquirer said: Am I obliged to pay anythingelse besides this? He (the Holy Prophet) said: No, butwhatever you pay voluntarily out of your own free will. Theman turned back and was saying: I would neither make anyaddition to this, nor will decrease anything out of it. TheProphet remarked: He is successful, if he is true to what heaffirms.

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Hadith no: 8
Narrated / Authority of:
Another hadith, the like of which has been narrated by Malik(b. Anas) (and mentioned above) is also reported by Talha b.`Ubaidullah, with the only variation that the Holy Prophetremarked: By his father, he shall succeed if he were true (towhat he professed), or: By his father, he would enter heavenif he were true (to what he professed).

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Hadith no: 9
Narrated / Authority of: Anas bin Malik
that he said:We were forbidden that we should ask anything (without thegenuine need) from the Holy Prophet. It, therefore, pleased usthat an intelligent person from the dwellers of the desertshould come and asked him (the Holy Prophet) and we shouldlisten to it. A man from the dwellers of the desert came (tothe Holy Prophet) and said: Muhammad, your messenger came tous and told us your assertion that verily Allah had sent you(as a prophet). He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: He told thetruth. He (the bedouin) said: Who created the heaven? He (theHoly Prophet) replied: Allah. He (the bedouin again) said: Whocreated the earth? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Allah. He(the bedouin again) said: Who raised these mountains and whocreated in them whatever is created there? He (the HolyProphet) replied: Allah. Upon this he (the bedouin) remarked:By Him Who created the heaven and created the earth and raisedmountains thereupon, has Allah (in fact) sent you? He (theHoly Prophet) said: Yes. He (the bedouin) said: Your messengeralso told us that five prayers (had been made) obligatory forus during the day and the night. He (the Holy Prophet)remarked: He told you the truth. He (the bedouin) said: By HimWho sent you, is it Allah Who ordered you about this (i. e.prayers)? He (the Holy Prophet) said: Yes. He (the bedouin)said: Your messenger told us that Zakat had been madeobligatory in our riches. He (the Holy Prophet) said. He hastold the truth. He (the bedouin) said: By Him Who sent you (asa prophet), is it Allah Who ordered you about it (Zakat)? He(the Holy Prophet) said: Yes. He (the bedouin) said: Yourmessenger told us that it had been made obligatory for us tofast every year during the month of Ramadan. He (the HolyProphet) said: He has told the truth. He (the bedouin) said:By Him Who sent you (as a prophet), is it Allah Who orderedyou about it (the fasts of Ramadan)? He (the Holy Prophet)said: Yes. He (the bedouin) said: Your messenger also told usthat pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (of Ka`bah) had been madeobligatory for him who is able to undertake the journey to it.He (the Holy Prophet) said: Yes. The narrator said that he(the bedouin) set off (at the conclusion of this answer, butat the time of his departure) remarked: `By Him Who sent youwith the Truth, I would neither make any addition to them norwould I diminish anything out of them. Upon this the HolyProphet remarked: If he were true (to what he said) he mustenter Paradise.

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Hadith no: 10
Narrated / Authority of: Thabit
that Anas said: Wewere forbidden in the Holy Qur`an that we should ask aboutanything from the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him)and then Anas reported the hadith in similar words.

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